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Teen wants Henrico to change school named after senator who opposed integration

Posted at 3:28 PM, Dec 04, 2015

HENRICO COUNTY, Va. -- Sixth, seventh and eighth grade students have been learning art, math, science and history at Byrd Middle School in Henrico's West End for decades. But it is the history behind the school's namesake that could lead to big changes.

Harry Flood Byrd served as Governor of Virginia from 1926 to 1930 and later, from 1933 to 1965, as Virginia's U.S. Senator. In fact, the school's nickname is the Senators. Now a movement is afoot to remove Byrd's name from the school based on his actions while in office.

Harry Flood Byrd (PHOTO: U.S. Senate Historical Office)

Harry Flood Byrd (PHOTO: U.S. Senate Historical Office)

"The issue is simple – a public school should not be named for someone who vigorously fought to keep public schools segregated," Hermitage High School student Jordan Chapman said.

The Virginia Historical Society detailed Senator Byrd's role in Massive Resistance online:

In 1954, the political organization of U.S. senator Harry F. Byrd, Sr., controlled Virginia politics. Senator Byrd promoted the "Southern Manifesto" opposing integrated schools, which was signed in 1956 by more than one hundred southern congressmen. On February 25, 1956, he called for what became known as Massive Resistance. This was a group of laws, passed in 1956, intended to prevent integration of the schools. A Pupil Placement Board was created with the power to assign specific students to particular schools. Tuition grants were to be provided to students who opposed integrated schools. The linchpin of Massive Resistance was a law that cut off state funds and closed any public school that attempted to integrate.

Jordan Chapman

Jordan Chapman

"It is not our goal to change history; we simply do not find it appropriate that a school in 2015 be named after an individual that sought to stand between students and education," Chapman, who has collected hundreds of signatures from supporters of a name change, said.

Chapman helped start a group lobbying the Henrico School Board to change the school's name. Over the past few months, she joined forces for some parents of Byrd students who shared her beliefs.

"His position on segregation makes it [the school's name] inappropriate in this day in age," parent Anne-Marie Leake said. "It's about his stance on public education. This is someone who -- as a U.S. Senator used that position of power to defy the Supreme Court and what had become law."

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