A Baltimore judge has ordered a new trial for Adnan Syed, whose murder conviction was the focus of the first season of the popular “Serial” podcast.
Syed, 35, was serving a life sentence in the slaying of ex-girlfriend Hae Min Lee. Her strangled body was found in a shallow grave in a park one month after she went missing in January 1999.
Prosecutors relied on testimony from a friend, Jay Wilds, who said he helped Syed dig a hole for Lee’s body. To corroborate his account, prosecutors presented cell phone records and expert witness testimony to place Syed at the site where Lee was buried.
Syed was convicted in 2000 and sentenced to life in prison on murder and kidnapping charges.
Baltimore Circuit Court Judge Martin Welch vacated Syed’s conviction and ordered a new trial based on claims that Syed’s trial lawyer failed to cross-examine the expert witness about the reliability of cell tower location evidence.
Syed’s post-conviction lawyer, Justin Brown, shared the news on Twitter.
“I will curb my enthusiasm, because there’s still a lot more fighting to go. He’s still not out of jail,” Brown told reporters at a press conference. “We’ve made a lot of progress, but we’re still not there.”
The ruling comes four months after a hearing on the cell tower evidence and claims that Syed’s trial attorney overlooked a crucial alibi witness featured in “Serial.” The court also considered whether prosecutors withheld potentially exculpatory evidence related to the reliability of the cell tower location evidence.
“Serial” dug into several puzzles surrounding the case, among them the alibi account of Asia McClain. Before his trial, Syed gave two letters to his lawyers from McClain in which she said she was with Syed at a library at the time of the murder.
Her account did not make it into the defense case, leading Syed to claim ineffective counsel for failing to contact her.
Welch sided with Syed’s claim that his trial lawyer’s failure to contact McClain “fell below the standard of reasonable professional judgment.” But he was not convinced that it prejudiced Syed’s defense “because the crux of the state’s case did not rest on the time of the murder.”
The heart of the state’s case relied on placing Syed at the burial site through cell phone records and Wilds’ testimony, Welch wrote.
Together, the two pieces of evidence created the “nexus” between Syed and the killing, Welch wrote.
“Even if trial counsel had contacted McClain to investigate the potential alibi, McClain’s testimony would not have been able to sever this crucial link.”
As for the cell tower evidence, Welch sided with Syed’s claim that his trial lawyer failed to properly cross-examine state witness Abraham Waranowitz on the reliability of cell tower location evidence. Syed’s post-conviction lawyer presented an AT&T fax coversheet that his trial attorney obtained during pretrial discovery that contained instructions on how to read subscriber activity.
The instructions included the disclaimer, “Outgoing calls only are reliable for location status. Any incoming calls will not be reliable information for location.”
The state’s theory of relying on incoming calls to determine the general location of [Syed’s] cell phone “was directly contradicted by the disclaimer,” Welch wrote.
“A reasonable attorney would have exposed the misleading nature of the state’s theory by cross-examinining Abraham Waranowitz. The record reflects, however, that trial counsel failed to cross-examine Waranowitz about the disclaimer.”
Brown told reporters that Adnan’s family was speechless on the phone when he shared the news.
Brown says the ball is in the prosecution’s hands, however, as it has about 30 days to appeal or go forward with a new trial.
“It is the continued desire of the Attorney General to seek justice in the murder of Hae Min Lee,” The Maryland Office of the Attorney General said in a statement. “The court ruled in the State’s favor on a number of issues, but there does appear to be at least one ground that will need to be resolved by the appellate courts. The State’s responsibility remains to pursue justice, and to defend what it believes is a valid conviction.”